MASSENA - Representatives of the three tribal governments in Akwesasne issued a joint press release this week urging their residents not to engage in protests that block the international bridge crossing between Cornwall, Ont., and Massena that runs through Akwesasne on Cornwall Island, Ont.
The release comes less than a month after Massena Town Supervisor Joseph D. Gray came under heavy criticism after he published a blog that called bridge-closing protests pointless.
But now some tribal official are questioning demonstrations that impact travel across the border.
St. Regis Mohawk Tribal Chief Ron LaFrance said he would prefer Idle No More demonstrators pursue methods of protest that wont impact travelers.
I do support the movement, I do support (the march that took place Jan. 5), but I believe there are other ways of holding a demonstration that does not include blocking the bridge, Mr. LaFrance said.
His remarks came several days after the three Mohawk governing bodies at Akwesasne issued a joint press release regarding the Day of Action, which took place Monday in cities across the U.S. and Canada. While no demonstrations took place Monday in Akwesasne, some supporters of the Idle No More movement rode buses to Ottawa, where hundreds gathered in a demonstration on Parliament Hill. Tribal officials also asked demonstrators to exercise caution and foresight if they planned to block routes of transportion.
The Mohawk Council of Akwesasne, Saint Regis Mohawk Tribe and Mohawk Nation Council of Chiefs do not – at this time - endorse any local rally or activity that could result in the closure of the Three Nations Bridge Crossing. While the leadership does support the Idle No More movement, activities which could result in a bridge closure must be planned well enough in advance for community members to make necessary arrangements, according to the press release.
Several days after the Jan. 5 march, Mr. Gray posted a blog charging the bridge closure was detrimental to the local economy. Mr. Gray has since apologized for the blog, saying he made some statements he wished he hadnt.
Protests are an acceptable, meaningful way to get a point across, but I would hope we can find another way for protests to be as visible without closing the bridge, Mr. Gray said Jan. 10. I think that message was lost in my original blog, and there were some words (in it) I shouldnt have used.
Mayor James F. Hidy, who held a press conference earlier this month to show his support for Mr. Gray position, applauded the tri-council statement, saying they help promote unity between the communities of Massena and Akwesasne.
Im encouraged to see that tribal council officials can see other point of views in regards to demonstration, Mr. Hidy said. It demonstrates how our two communities can work together to strive for a more effective region, economically and (in regards to) tourism.
Idle No More is a grassroots movement, formed as a response to Bill C-45, a Canadian federal budget bill that reduces some environmental protections and would allow private developers to buy tribal land. Many tribal leaders say the bill violates their treaty rights.
According to tribe member Curtis H. White, the bill is just the latest in a long-running history of legislation meant to reduce the rights of Indian tribes, both in Canada and in the United States. The Idle No More protests are a way of speaking out against these decisions. Mr. LaFrance noted the march was a grass-roots effort, and the tribal council was not involved in organizing or staging the march.
Also in the weeks since Mr. Gray published his controversial blog, one of Idle No Mores co-founders, Sylvia McAdam, has decried protests that block international routes of transportation, calling them not peaceful and saying they portray a message of aggressiveness, according to CBC News Canada.
However, Charles Chaz Kader, clerk of the Mens Council of the People of the Way of the Longhouse, believes Ms. McAdams statements were broad in scope and may not necessarily have applied to the people of Akwesasne, who are in a unique position in regards to the international border.
Different actions were taken at different (Idle No More) protests. (The march) was really to me an expression of the people of Akwesasne, Mr. Kader said. Akwesasne politics will always be influenced by the border that runs through our land.
Mr. Kader was also surprised by the joint press release by the Mohawk councils, noting tribal officials do not play a role in planning or organizing Idle No More activities. He believes most in the Akwesasne community, including tribal government officials, do support demonstrations that close the international bridge, but only when its in response to an issue of vital importance to the residents of Akwesasne.
I think the people here have the right to do whatever has to be done. And clearly the bridge is on Akwesasne land, Mr. Kader said. No one Ive spoken to is against closing the bridge for necessary reasons.
Mr. Kader expects some in the community may call for future bridge-closing demonstrations to speak out against the possible relcation of a Canadian customs check-point to the American side of the bridge.